Thursday, September 02, 2010

V-J Day - End to an "Open-Ended" War

invasion of France - FDR Presidential library photo
Today is the 65th anniversary of V-J Day (Victory over Japan) and the end of World War II.

The war, which saw the loss of over 400,000 US soldiers and over 600,000 non-mortal woundings, was aimed not only at victory but a victory in which the enemies must agree to "unconditional surrender". That was the policy of President Franklin Roosevelt and President Harry Truman. Neither FDR nor Truman blanched at an "open-ended" war or waffled on "unconditional surrender".

For Roosevelt total victory included relocation camps for American Japanese. It required a foot soldier invasion of Europe on D-Day. It meant persevering in a brutal and costly war in the Pacific and a total victory over Japan. For Truman it included planning for an even more brutal and costly invasion of Japan than the invasion of Europe. And, it meant dropping two atomic bombs on Japan to end the war.

invasion of Iwo Jima - World War II Data Base photo
Victory was the goal for Roosevelt and Truman--even at the cost of more than a million American deaths and woundings.

Too bad that President Obama doesn't echo the vision and courage of FDR:
My Fellow Americans:

Last night, when I spoke with you about the fall of Rome, I knew at that moment that troops of the United States and our Allies were crossing the Channel in another and greater operation. It has come to pass with success thus far.

And so, in this poignant hour, I ask you to join with me in prayer:

Almighty God: Our sons, pride of our nation, this day have set upon a mighty endeavor, a struggle to preserve our Republic, our religion, and our civilization, and to set free a suffering humanity.

Lead them straight and true; give strength to their arms, stoutness to their hearts, steadfastness in their faith.

They will need Thy blessings. Their road will be long and hard. For the enemy is strong. He may hurl back our forces. Success may not come with rushing speed, but we shall return again and again; and we know that by Thy grace, and by the righteousness of our cause, our sons will triumph.

They will be sore tried, by night and by day, without rest -- until the victory is won. The darkness will be rent by noise and flame. Men's souls will be shaken with the violences of war.

For these men are lately drawn from the ways of peace. They fight not for the lust of conquest. They fight to end conquest. They fight to liberate. They fight to let justice arise, and tolerance and goodwill among all Thy people. They yearn but for the end of battle, for their return to the haven of home.

Some will never return. Embrace these, Father, and receive them, Thy heroic servants, into Thy kingdom.

And for us at home -- fathers, mothers, children, wives, sisters, and brothers of brave men overseas, whose thoughts and prayers are ever with them -- help us, Almighty God, to rededicate ourselves in renewed faith in Thee in this hour of great sacrifice.

Many people have urged that I call the nation into a single day of special prayer. But because the road is long and the desire is great, I ask that our people devote themselves in a continuance of prayer. As we rise to each new day, and again when each day is spent, let words of prayer be on our lips, invoking Thy help to our efforts.

Give us strength, too -- strength in our daily tasks, to redouble the contributions we make in the physical and the material support of our armed forces.

And let our hearts be stout, to wait out the long travail, to bear sorrows that may come, to impart our courage unto our sons wheresoever they may be.

And, O Lord, give us faith. Give us faith in Thee; faith in our sons; faith in each other; faith in our united crusade. Let not the keeness of our spirit ever be dulled. Let not the impacts of temporary events, of temporal matters of but fleeting moment -- let not these deter us in our unconquerable purpose.

With Thy blessing, we shall prevail over the unholy forces of our enemy. Help us to conquer the apostles of greed and racial arrogances. Lead us to the saving of our country, and with our sister nations into a world unity that will spell a sure peace -- a peace invulnerable to the schemings of unworthy men. And a peace that will let all of men live in freedom, reaping the just rewards of their honest toil.

Thy will be done, Almighty God.


President Franklin D. Roosevelt - June 6, 1944
Listen to FDR's entire speech/prayer here.

American Cemetery in Normandy

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